Excavated terracotta figures are seen on the Museum of Terracotta Warriors and Horses of Emperor Qin Shihuang in Xi’an in northwestern China’s Shaanxi Province in Xi’an. [AP]
To commemorate the China-Greece 12 months of Tradition and Tourism, the Greek Ministry of Tradition and Sports activities and its Chinese language counterpart, the Nationwide Cultural Heritage Administration, have launched a web-based exhibition presenting the well-known Terracotta Military of Xi’an, central China.
The initiative is a part of a sequence of occasions over the approaching months aimed toward deepening cultural ties between the 2 international locations, together with the digitization of cultural heritage.
“Parallel Area: Meet the Terracotta Warriors in Greece,” hosted by the Nationwide Archaeological Museum in Athens and the Emperor Qinshihuang’s Mausoleum Website Museum in Xi’an, is a artistic integration of the actual world and digital area, selling additional dialogue between the 2 historical cultures.
The Chinese language and Greek civilizations thrived over 2,000 years in the past both aspect the Eurasian continent and shared numerous contacts in antiquity. By the 2nd century BC, historical Chinese language explorers and retailers encountered the Indo-Greeks of the Yavana Kingdom (modern-day Afghanistan, components of Pakistan and northwestern India), known as the “Dayuan” (which means “Nice Ionians”) by explorer Zhang Qian.
Over the centuries, and thru later Byzantine embassies and commerce networks, Chinese language and Greek diplomat-scholars engaged in mutual studying and trade, notably within the fields of medication, astronomy and philosophy.
The present on-line exhibition showcasing the Terracotta Military is the primary of its sort in Greece. Guests to the location come face-to-face with China’s distinctive assortment of two,000 life-sized warriors, all individually sculptured and buried within the Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor in 210-209 BCE.
Guests navigating the digital exhibition can study in regards to the lengthy historical past of the archaeological excavations at Xi’an, an historical metropolis with six websites at the moment inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage Record, and discover a 360-degree interactive view of the Terracotta Warrior pits on the Qinling Museum.
Buried for over 2,000 years, the invention of the Terracotta Military in 1974 initiated a sequence of large-scale excavations to uncover the extent of the location. Since then, some 2,000 life-sized terracotta troopers and battle horses, 30 chariots, and 40,000 bronze weapons have been unearthed, neatly organized in three purposely dug pits. Two-thirds of the location stays buried.
A particular function of the net exhibition brings one of many Terracotta Warriors, a high-ranking navy commander, face-to-face with a late Archaic Greek kouros, a statue of a nude male youth. Each statues, on show on the Nationwide Archaeological Museum in Athens, stand at 1.95 m, and supply a captivating train in comparative artwork.
The Kroisos Kouros, courting to 540-515 BC and located in Anavyssos, east Attica, initially functioned as a funerary marker for a fallen warrior named Kroisos. The free-standing sculpture, that includes the enigmatic “archaic smile,” is taken into account a pioneering instance of late Archaic Greek artwork.
The person figures of the Terracotta Military, buried with the aim of defending the Qin Emperor within the afterlife, had been all painted. Upon their discovery, archaeologists had been astonished to see their vivid colours disappear when uncovered to the ambiance.
The ultimate and most detailed a part of the exhibition is devoted to the conservation of the Terracotta Warriors, together with intelligent interactive sections on shade restoration and pigment evaluation. The accompanying movies showcase the painstaking work of archaeological conservators, whereas a closing part presents the cutting-edge know-how used within the evaluation and recording of shade residues on the Kroisos Kouros on the Nationwide Archaeological Museum in Athens.
The web exhibition runs till the tip of February 2022.
This text first appeared in Greece Is (www.greece-is.com), a Kathimerini publishing initiative.